CultureThough a relatively small country, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a rich culture that has had a major impact on other Balkan countries, and sometimes even the whole world. It is expressed in different areas of human activity, including music, literature, film, art and applied art and design and modern media. Bosnia and Herzegovina with Hungary, is the only country in the region, which has given more than one winner of the prestigious Nobel Prize: Vladimir Prelog got it for chemistry, and Ivo Andric for Literature. The capital city of Sarajevo hosted the 14th Winter Olympics, which were not only socializing young athletes from all over the world, but the game culture, peace and friendship.
ClimateOur climate is suitable for all seasonal sports and all types of tourists, from those seeking sunshine on the Adriatic coast to the skiers who are looking for snowy slopes of Bosnia and Herzegovina offers the best of everything. Meeting of the Mediterranean and continental climates gives special mosaic of different climate types in a very small space. In the continental part of the country's climate is similar to the climate in Central Europe - hot summers, cool springs and autumns and cold winters with heavy snowfall. Mediterranean and continental climates meet in the central part of the country, creating one of the most diverse ecosystems in Europe. The mountains create a climate of their own. The mountain climate occurs above 1700 meters high mountain terrain Dinarides. The winter is extremely cold and last longer than six months, with temperatures well below zero.
Economy and TourismRevenue from tourism make a major contribution to the BiH economy. As a result, Bosnia and Herzegovina now has a stronger annual growth in tourist arrivals and rapid expansion of services in this sector. In BiH, there are summer and winter destinations with continuity in tourism throughout the year. Given that it is mainly a mountainous country, Bosnia and Herzegovina offers ski destinations in the area of tourism, which are among the best in Europe. In March 2012, Sarajevo won the award for „top tourist destination” among more than 100 cities around the world, organized by the foXnoMad blog dedicated to tourist destinations.
Highly recently undergone an amazing expansion of tourist arrivals due to the discovery of the Bosnian pyramids, so that this city is visited by more than 10,000 visitors during the first weekend in June, 2006.
Medjugorje has become one of the most popular places of pilgrimage for Catholics in the world. Every year more than one million tourists visit this place. It is estimated that about 30 million pilgrims have visited Medjugorje since 1981.
Neum on the coast, with steep hills, sandy beaches and tourist hotel represents the output of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the sea. Prices tend to fall relative to those in neighboring Croatia, which, among other reasons, makes it popular with tourists, especially domestic ones. The hinterland of Neum has a rich archaeological history and unspoiled nature, where by in the area began to develop agro-tourism.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina centuries were crossing different cultures, religions and traditions, which gives additional value creating specific tourism product and enriches the offer. Thanks to all of this, Bosnia and Herzegovina has many natural and human work and activities created opportunities for developing different types of tourism.
- Mountains: Olympic MountainsBjelasnica, Jahorina, Igman and Trebevic, Vlasic near Travnik are great resources within development of winter tourism and sports recreation.
- Spas: Spa in Ilidza near Sarajevo, Fojnica, Kiseljak, Teslic, Tuzla, Olovo, Srebrenica, Visegrad, provide a wealth of radioactive thermal springs and mineral waters, which were still in the early historical period subject of exploitation for the purposes of treatment.
- Coast: Neum 270 sunny days a year is a Bosnian outlet on the Adriatic Sea to its environment provides a unique chance for rest and recreation.
- Religious Medjugorje after the appearance of the Virgin Mary has become a modern center of religious tourism with its capacities, infrastructure and other facilities: Prusac, Jajce, andnumerous religious and cultural monuments of four religions (Islam, Catholicism, Orthodoxy and Judaism), which in this region for centuries coexist in perfect harmony.
- Hunting, fishing and adventure: preservation of nature, the wealth of rivers, lakes, various species of wildlife are unique tourist attractions.
HealthChance that you will make one of the typical passenger disease is very small, as the quality of water throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina is outstanding, and food hygiene is at a very satisfactory level.
To enter in Bosnia and Herzegovina was not previously required to perform vaccinations. In bigger cities, there is a large number of pharmacies and there is usually at least one that works 24 hours. Health centers and hospitals, as well as emergency medical personnel can be found in most cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. If you need medical assistance, it is advisable to contact your embassy, since they have a list of recommended doctors.
Traditional dishes are generally prepared with meat, while meals are very rich and plentiful. The meat is very well prepared . The most famous specialty are cevap. Also different pies are very popular. Urban centers have a wide choice of restaurants that serve Italian, Mediterranean, and traditional Viennese cuisine.
It should be reminded that the majority of people in Bosnia and Herzegovina consume cigarettes and that restaurants where smoking is not permitted almost does not exist.
CevapThe most popular gastronomic delicacy is cevap. Cevap is a grilled dish of minced meat served in a flatbread somun. This delicious dish, along with other grilled meat specialties can be found in a national restaurant called cevabdzinica, mostly in Bravadziluk Street. Bravadziluk was a street of locksmiths shops. Nowadays, it is a delicious-cuisine street with numerous tiny traditional restaurants, which in addition to cevap also serve pies (buregdzinica) and saucy meat and vegetables (ascinica). It is a must-visit attraction in Sarajevo. They are very unique to Europe. Those tiny private kitchens and barbecue locations are eat-and-go places. The custom dates back to the Ottoman period, when craftsmen and merchants would come by for a quick meal and go back to work.
WaterAlmost every place has one or more public fountains - which can often be found in front of the mosque - and the water is invariably excellent. Also, along the roads fountains can be found, which were once made for travelers. In short, Bosnia and Herzegovina will not have problems with drinking water, regardless of whether it is from the tap or elsewhere and probably better quality than the one you have at home.
Coffee and teaIn Bosnia and Herzegovina, we drink coffee. It is the core of social life. Today, coffee is widespread and widely available. Traditional coffee is Bosnian coffee. It is similar to what the rest of the world calls Turkish coffee, served with a sugar cube strange shape and toffee. You can find espresso and coffee with milk in all establishments throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. In larger cities espresso costs 2 KM, while other types of coffee are a bit more expensive. In villages you will sometimes pay 0.5 KM for Bosnian coffee.
There is also a tradition of drinking tea. Herbal tea here has various types and usually has a very nice flavor, and are often organic and come directly from nature, forests and meadows.
Basic information about Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Land area:||51,197 km20|
|Lowest point:||Neum, 0 m|
|Highest point:||Maglic, 2386 m|
|Coast line:||21.2 km|
|Nations:||Bosniaks, Croats, Serbs, Others.|
|Official languages:||Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian|
|Currency:||Convertible Mark (BAM) 1.00 EUR = 1.95583|
|Electricity:||220V AC / 50Hz|
|Area code:||+387 (BiH), 033 (Sarajevo)|
|Emergency telephones:||Emergency 124, 123 firefighters, police 122 , roadside assistance 1282|
|Time Zone:||Central European Time CET (GMT + 1 h)|
Sarajevo Film Festival - SFFSarajevo Film Festival is the leading film festival in the region, recognized by film professionals, but also by a wider audience. Sarajevo Film Festival is an international film festival with a special focus on the region of Southeast Europe, thanks to which films, talents and future projects in the region due to the international limelight. Unlike the untouchable glamor of the Cannes or Venice Film Festival, this event is a great opportunity to mix and mingle with local and international stars.
Dates: July or August.
Sarajevo WinterSarajevo longest festival, which lasts two months and every day there is at least one event and includes many genres of art. There are all kinds of music, danceand theater and of course, well-organized visits to museums and walking around town.
Dates: February / March
Nights of BascarsijaIn the summer months, Sarajevo's old town is a beautiful place to visit, and in July is even more interesting. In this month "Nights of Bascarsija” offer a variety of programs, folk, opera, ballet, rock, love songs and poetry. There are also exhibitions and children's programs. For all events entry is free.
Mess -International Theater FestivalThis is a theater festival with centuries of history. Performances are well selected theaters and modern dance groups from all over Europe. The plays are performed in their original languages of theater, sometimes the translation above the stage.
Jazz festivalThis is a relatively young festival that was established in 1997. The festival has become very popular. It lasts seven days and you can not only listen to the world's best jazz, but there are also guest artists who belong to new directions, and you can see them in a few places in the city in the late night hours. If you like jazz, Jazz festival is for you.
Kid's FestivalKid's Festival - the largest independent children's event in South East Europe - has become a traditional event that all children in Bosnia and Herzegovina are looking forward. Kids Festival is a unique combination of education and entertainment. It's a children's week with a choice of over 20 activities and movies a day: creative, artistic and educational workshops, international kiosks, performances, magic shows, the jugglers, dancers, etc. The main show presents a wide and popular range of animated and live-action movies for teens.
Sarajevo Fashion WeekSarajevo Fashion Week is all what you would expect from an international fashion week. In addition there are local touches such as actors and singers wear fashion shows Bosnian fashion, and when the best dressed public figures presenting awards for their style.